The Interconnected Network of Literature

Through their writing, individuals are able to display their own and societal identities and ideologies. From Elizabeth Wardle and Linda Adler-Kassner Threshold Concepts of Writing Concept Three; “A common assumption in humanities theory and research is that there is no ideology-free observation or thought.” (48). Writers innately draw upon their societal conventions and understandings that become exemplified in their work.  

Everyone’s writing is influenced by ideology like social norms and previous experiences.

Personal experiences have a major impact on writing; “Writing is, first of all, always part of a larger network or conversation; all writing is in some sense a response to other writing or symbolic action” (54). All writing is in part shaped by the writer’s experiences as well as everything the writer previously has learned or read.

Similar to writing, the Mercator projection map is influenced by social, economical, and cultural impacts. The Mercator map is distorted from its creator Gerardus Mercator’s personal social and political biases in Ideology. Mercator aimed to simplify the map in a way that allowed for use of straight lines for ease of travel across oceans but compromised the geographic features in the process. The Mercator map distorts the size of numerous countries and continents and displays his European bias. As a native European he had a natural predisposition to focus on the European continent and in doing so drastically distorts its true size and position on the map. 

Furthermore, writers employ strong rhetorical elements to illustrate their ideology and perspective. Authors draw upon their rhetoric which is the art of persuasive writing, specifically utilizing figures of speech and other compositional techniques. All effective writers strategically use their rhetoric to convince the reader to understand their perspective. The three most common techniques used to achieve this are Ethos (the credibility of the author), Pathos (an appeal to emotion) and Logos (an appeal to logic). In order to create a truly accurate map of the world the creator would have to successfully use all three techniques. The mapmaker would have to display his credibility in geography along with removing any personal biases or already formed dispositions to the incorrectly centered positioning of Europe. Additionally, the creator needs to appeal to his entire audience without misrepresenting countries. Finally, the map would have to make sense logically and display the countries in a simple and accurate manner. In both map making and writing it’s crucial to understand rhetoric while simultaneously engaging their own identity and societal ideology. 

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